During ADHD Awareness Month, in partnership with the ADHD Awareness Coalition, we will be releasing answers to 30 common questions sourced from people with ADHD across the globe. These reliable answers have been given by professionals from Europe, the US, and the rest of the world, many of whom are world-leading ADHD experts. We’ll be releasing these questions and answers day-by-day, with translations into many European languages provided by ADHD Europe members.

The first 10 common questions are:

What causes ADHD?

By Prof. Barbara Franke

In most people having the diagnosis, ADHD is likely to be the result of their genetic make-up (i.e. their DNA) and events that happen to them throughout life. Together, these may cause slight differences in the development of the brain, as we see them in people with ADHD.

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What are the risk factors for people with ADHD during the coronavirus pandemic?

By Dr. Margaret Sibley

The biggest concerns for adolescents and young adults with ADHD during COVID-19 are social isolation, motivation problems, and difficulties engaging in online work or schooling. These risk factors create a perfect storm for the onset of depression, school dropout, or work underperformance.

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What are some ways to reduce stress with ADHD?

By Dr. Lidia Zylowska

Medication, psychotherapy or coaching are often important first steps to reduce stress with ADHD by lowering core ADHD symptoms, changing unhelpful habits, and achieving goals.  At the same time, a healthy lifestyle (regular daily routine, adequate sleep, healthy diet, exercise, time in nature), mindfulness practice, and effective communication create the foundation for stress resilience.  

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How are ADHD and executive functioning related?

By Dr. Thomas E. Brown

Old Idea: ADHD is just inability to pay attention and often being too restless.

New Idea: ADHD involves problems with setting priorities, getting organized and getting started; sustaining attention and effort, managing alertness and emotions; utilizing working memory and other aspects of the brain’s self-management system, its “executive functions.”

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